About The Author

Josiah Batten is an associate pastor, author, and contributor to West Virginia for the Gospel. He has a Bachelor’s degree in Business Administration, concentrating in Management with a minor in Philosophy. He earned his MAR in Biblical Studies from Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary, and completed an MA in Apologetics at Luther Rice College and Seminary. He is an Eagle Scout.

  1. Ian Williams says:

    I added your blog to my affiliates page, because I find it relevant. =]

  2. Brian Lantz says:

    Regarding your dissertation on New Covenant Theology: First I would like to say that I appreciate your struggle with attempt to make distinctions from Covenant theology as I am a Dispy, myself. Dispys have just sat back and let the CT crowd engage in the hideous behaviors addressed in the epistle to Hebrews and to disastrous ends. Of course, like all of us, our position needs a bit of work. In the interview with A. White Blake 2014 (unsure what your relationship is here) I address some of this:

    >>>>>>> NCT differs from CT on the relationship between the church and Israel. It is not quite right to say that the church is Israel and Israel is the church. Scripture doesn’t make that straightforward, unmediated type of connection. The pattern is not Israel = Church, but Israel = Messiah = Church. Galatians 3:29 reads, “If you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham’s seed, heirs according to the promise.” There is an eschatological difference between Israel and the church. The new covenant is new. Again, this also has implications for the nature of the new covenant community. To be a part of this new covenant community, one must be united to Christ, the instrument of which is faith. If being in Christ, the singular seed of Abraham (Gal 3:16), is what constitutes membership in the end-time Israel, then faith is necessary – which infants cannot exercise. The church consists of believers only.
    Fourth and finally, NCT differs from CT on the notion of law. “Reformed Baptists” would mostly agree on the previous three disagreements, but it is this issue that separates Reformed Baptists from New Covenant Theologians. The confessions where CT is found (viz. Westminster and the Second London of 1689), force CT to hold the Decalogue as God’s eternal moral law. NCT sees the Decalogue as part of the old covenant law, which Christians are no longer under. Since nine of the Ten Commandments are repeated in the New Testament, they pose no problem. The Sabbath, however, does. It seems to us that the New Testament is clear that Christians are no longer under the Sabbath and we see no exegetical warrant for changing the original commandment to make six days of work optional or changing it to Sunday. Rather, Hebrews 3-4 shows that the Sabbath has been fulfilled by rest in Christ (cf. Matt 11:28-12:8). In one of the most shocking passages in the New Testament, Paul said that to return to the Sabbath was to return to enslavement to paganism (Gal 4:8-10). He said the Sabbath was a shadow, but the body is Christ (Col 2:16-17) and even went so far as to say one should do whatever their own mind was convinced of (Rom 14:5), a far cry from Exodus 20:8 on any reading.

    >>>>>>Second, NCT denies DT’s sharp distinction between Israel and the church. This difference is particularly manifested in the church’s relationship to the new covenant. NCT sees the new covenant as for the church – those in Christ, the inaugurator of the new covenant. DT sees the new covenant for ethnic Israel in the future. NCT, like CT, rejects DT’s sharp distinction between Israel and the church. This is related to their view of the kingdom as wholly future, even positing that Jesus is not currently sitting on the Davidic throne.
    You equate the ‘new Covenant of His blood” as being the New Covenant proclaimed by Jeremiah…. nonsense. There is a reason why God calls a covenant after the Mosaic Law ‘new’, that’s because it’s NEW… not the same. The Covenant/ law of Christ is not the same as the Covenant of Jeremiah. Are they related? of course….but as you point out, the distinctions are made to different people at different times in history.

    >>>>>>Third, NCT differs with DT with regard to typology. Most of the differences between NCT and DT stand on the land promise. In the opinion of NCT, DT fails to see the typological nature of the land promise, which finds fulfillment by being “in Christ” rather than “in the land” now and will find ultimate fulfillment on a renovated earth at the resurrection (Rom 4:13, 8:18ff, Rev 21-22). The same goes for the typology of the temple.
    If the land promise is fulfilled today, it’s a lie. Christians throughout the region are being slaughtered in droves… what UTTER nonsense to regard it as ‘typological’.

    4. Is New Covenant Theology a brand new innovation, or can it be found
    throughout church history?
    You are on the VERGE of some good points, but here is the tragic flaw in NCT. It should be a refinement in thinking, not an innovation. NEVER can it be ‘something new’. Otherwise one simply reinvents the theological wheel as it breaks off the axel and sends one’s position into the ditch. A zealous lung beyond the text about which Paul warned Timothy can be avoided by focusing on the plain meaning of the text which Mr. White criticizes DT for doing.

    • Josiah Batten says:

      Hi Brian,

      Thanks for commenting.

      I’m a little unsure about who this comment is directed toward. I have not written any dissertation on NCT. I interviewed A. Blake White about the topic, and you linked to that interview. But I was merely the interviewer. I personally do not hold to New Covenant Theology.

      With that said, I do appreciate your comment, I appreciate you reading that interview, and I appreciate your concern for theology that is faithful to the Bible.

      If you are trying to get in touch with A. Blake White, maybe try his Twitter account, @ABlakeWhite.

      God bless,

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